Tuesday, 22 March 2016

Endometriosis: Know All The Facts and Symptoms

Endometriosis is the second most common gynaecological condition in the UK, but most people have never heard of this condition. Here’s presenting the facts and symptoms you should know about endometriosis.

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a gynaecological condition in which the tissue, which is similar to the lining of the womb grows in other areas of the body, most often in the pelvic region. The tissue responds to the hormones in the same way as the lining of the womb, but with no outlet. It can lead to severe pain, causes inflammation, scarring and adhesions and many other symptoms.

What are The Symptoms?

The most common symptoms of endometriosis are severe pain during or in between the periods, painful bowel movements, heavy and irregular periods, pain during or after sex and pain in the bladder.
Extreme fatigue is quite common, fertility may also be affected. Additionally, misdiagnosis of the condition results in delaying the accurate diagnosis, tests and sometimes unnecessary surgery.

How it is Diagnosed?

The only conclusive way to determine if a woman has endometriosis is through a laparoscopy. During a laparoscopic procedure, a small laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen to look directly at the internal tissue. Often this procedure is carried out under general anaesthesia. During laparoscopy various procedures can be performed to destroy or remove the endometriosis, endometriosis cysts and release the scar tissue and adhesions.
According to a research by the Endometriosis UK, it would typically take more than seven years to make a correct diagnosis. During this time, women may suffer agonizing pain every month that would impact their lives, relationships and their ability to work.

Can Endometriosis Be Cured?

There is no cure for endometriosis, but treatments can help with the pain and infertility. The treatments for endometriosis depends on how severe your symptoms are and whether you want to get pregnant. If you have pain only, then the hormone therapy will lower the estrogen levels, which will shrink the implants and reduce pain. If you want to become pregnant, then undergoing surgery or the infertility treatment or both will help.
Not all women with this condition experiences pain and endometriosis will not always get worse over time. Usually, it improves during pregnancy and after menopause. The decision to get treatment for endometriosis depends on you, if you have mild pain and have no plans for a future pregnancy or if you are near the menopause or around the age of 50, then you may not feel the need for the treatment.
You can apply heat to your belly and can exercise regularly to help with the pain caused by endometriosis.

Medicines: If you have pain or bleeding but you are not planning to get pregnant soon, then the anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) or the birth control hormones such as pills, patch or ring will control the pain The birth control hormones are likely to keep the endometriosis from getting worse. In case of severe symptom, the NSAIDs or the birth control hormones doesn’t work and you might try a stronger hormone therapy.

Surgery: If the hormone therapy doesn’t work or if the growth are affecting other organs, then surgery is the next step. During surgery, the endometrial growths and scar tissues are removed and usually, this is performed through one or more small incisions using the laparoscopy. The laparoscopic endometriosis surgery helps to improve the pain and also increases your chance of pregnancy. In severe cases, the uterus removal also known as hysterectomy and the ovaries removal, known as oophorectomy is an option and these can cause early menopause. Therefore, these procedures are preferred only when you have no pregnancy plans and have had little relief from other treatments.

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